Chapter 3 Lesson 3
A Classic Excavation
The purpose of classic archaeology was to find spectacular artifacts.
Example: the excavation of Tutankhamen’s tomb.
The New Archaeology
Archaeologists are not longer looking for treasures.
Today they search instead to understand the lives of all people, rich and
To study the lives of people, archaeologists study all the objects left
behind, including rubbish.
Kitchen midden: the rubbish including artifacts and bones left by people of the past.
Modern archaeologists work closely with other specialists.
Geologists study soil and minerals to give archaeologists clues about the
condition of the earth at different periods in time.
Botanists provide information about the plants that lived at different
Zoologists provide information about the animals that lived at different
iv. Chemists and physicists use the scientific dating techniques that tell archaeologists the age of ancient artifacts.