is the type of writing in which authors tell about events in their own lives
are well developed in detail and are true-to-life.
They are revealed by what people in a story do, think, and say; what
other say about them; and how others interact with them.
is described vividly.
are interesting. Writers of autobiographies use objective and subjective
details and anecdotes to tell their life stories.
Objective details can be proved.
Subjective details are based on
personal feelings and opinions and cannot be proved.
are short, often humorous, stories that enliven writing and illustrate a point.
order is the order in which real-life
events occur and the order in which most writers of autobiographies tell their
stories. Often events are arranged from childhood to adulthood.
of View is the perspective from which an
autobiography is written. Since autobiographies are written by their
subjects, they are told from the first-person point of view and use the pronouns
I, me, and mine. Readers experience events through the writer's eye--
knowing only what they think and feel about any given experience.
An autobiography is told from the writer’s perspective, or point of view.
The first-person point of view reflects only the writer’s thoughts, feelings,
opinions, and biases.
The third-person point of view can be used to reflect the opinions, feelings,
thoughts, and biases of multiple characters.
Third-person limited point of view is limited to the experience and
consciousness of single character.
Third-person omniscient point of view is told by an all-knowing narrator who
understands and can reveal the thoughts and feeling of all characters.
Purpose is the author's reason for writing.
Authors of autobiographies often want to make sense of events in their lives and
to communicate an important personal statement about life. They may also
want to give credit to people who influence them. Controversial
individuals often write autobiographies to explain or justify their actions.
– Autobiographies often use short, humorous
anecdotes (stories) to enliven the story and illustrate a point.
is an _expression of the opposite of what
is expected or the opposite of what is meant.
details create a picture with words that
appeal to one or more of the five senses – sight, sound, touch, taste, or
is a word part added at the beginning of a word.
It changes the meaning of the word to which it is added.
folklore of a culture includes the stories, songs, and poems that people pass
along from generation to generation. Works
that survive by word of mouth become part of a culture’s oral tradition.
When it first appeared in print in the mid 1800s, the word folklore meant
“the Lore of the People.” It
included all rituals, customs, traditions, and beliefs of unknown origin that
expressed the concerns of ordinary people.
different types of Folklore – see pg. 197
Myth often describes the
actions of superhuman heroes or heroine.
is a main element, idea, or feature – sometimes a repeating one – in a
story. Certain motifs are typical
of fairy tales.
imitates a literary work or an author’s writing style for a comic effect.
A parody often includes humorous twists on familiar plots, events,
characters, and dialogue.
Conclusions involves forming decisions
about characters, events, settings, or other elements of a story, based on
information and reasoning. Drawing
conclusions is a useful skill to help strategic readers better understand a
is the central message or idea about life presented in a story, novel, poem, or
play. Writers can present a theme
directly, by stating it; or they can present a theme indirectly, through plot,
characters, or setting. More than
one theme can be introduced and developed in a story.
and Solution- story characters often face
difficult problems. Finding the
solutions to these problems drives the story.
Plots that rely strongly on a problem-solution format are characteristic
of folk tales.
Judgments and Decisions involves evaluating
information. Strategic readers
often make judgments and decisions along with a story character, assessing the
judgments the character makes and deciding what course of action a character
Words can have the same spelling and sound.
However, these words have different meanings.
Strategic readers study the context in which a multiple-meaning word is
used to figure out which meaning is correct.
The context can be the sentence in which the word is used or the